ODESSA NATIONAL ACADEMY OF COMMUNICATIONS

The first sitting of Odessa District Committee was held in the Courses building. V.F. Didrikhson, a prominent lecture and electrical engineer, and E.A. Bukhgaim, future professor of the Institute, were the members of that Committee.

At the Congress of Railway Electrical Engineers and Telegraph Authorities, which took place in Odessa (1897), it became evident that electrical engineering of weak currents had revealed a great number of problems worth separate scientific investigation. A.S. Popov’s demonstration of wireless telegraph operating at the Congress became weightly argument on behalf of such investigation and aroused public enthusiasm and standing ovation.

Some private radio and telegraph stations accomplished practical needs in communication in Odessa during the Revolution and Civil War period.

In 1919 all that few stations were reorganized into Odessa State Radio and Telegraph Plant (ORTP in Sofievskaya Str.), the first one in Russia.

The Radio laboratory scientific consultants were Professor L.I. Mandelshtam and Reader N.D. Papalsky, both future academicians of world fame.

In 1923 ORTP stopped its independent functioning. The same year in the building of former Higher Telegraph Mechanics Courses educational process was renewed but that time it was named after former Ukrainian Minister of Education Grinko and was called Odessa Higher Strong Currents Electrotechnical School (OHES).

OHES graduates gained their engineer qualification in the course of four-year training. In 1925 at High Electrotechnical School there was organized Weak Currents Department having three small groups of telegraphists, telephonists and radio operators. Since then Odessa had begun training engineers of communications and the first official graduates appeared in 1925. 

In the course of educational reform provided in autumn 1929 Odessa Higher Electrotechnical School became Electrotechnical Department of Odessa Politechnical Institute (OPI).

Next year in according with the USSR Government Resolution (4/237 of July 23, 1930) the Electrotechnical Department was singled out into Odessa Communication Engineers Institute with the first graduates in 1931.
C.D. Yasinovskiy, Dean of Electrotechnical Department, was appointed the Director of OCEI.

Two buildings were given to the new educational institution, i.e. the building of former Higher Telegraph Mechanics Courses (Higher Electrotechnical School) and two-storey school building in 61 Komsomolskaya Str.

During the Institute formation great work was being done for the Red Army needs, viz. radio equipment was being designed and produced under the guidance of 1931-year graduate S.M. Plakhotnik, future the USSR Deputy Minister of Communications and the USSR State Prize winner. The USSR Deputy Minister of Defense M.M. Tukhachevskiy personally supervised the work.